Reference values for respiratory sinusoidal oscillometry in children aged 3 to 17 years

ABSTRACTBackground

New oscillometry devices allowing quantification of respiratory function using tidal breathing are commercially available, but reference equations are lacking for the multiethnic Canadian pediatric population.

Methods

We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study of healthy children carefully selected for absence of asthma, atopy, tobacco smoke, obesity, prematurity, and recent respiratory infection. Triplicate measures were obtained of respiratory system resistance (Rrs) and reactance (Xrs), area under the reactance curve (AX) and resonant frequency (Fres) on four signals, whose testing order was randomised: two signals on the Resmon Pro Full (8 Hz and 5-11-19 Hz) and two signals on the tremoflo C-100 (5 to 37 Hz and 7 to 41 Hz). Feasibility was defined as the ability to obtain valid reproducible results. Prediction equations and 95% confidence intervals were derived for whole- and within-breath Rrs and Xrs and for AX and Fres, using linear regression or Generalized Additive Models for Location, Scale and Shape (GAMLSS).

Results

Of 306 children randomised, valid and reproducible results on ?1 signal were obtained in 299 (98%) multiethnic (69% Caucasians: 8% Black: 23% Others) children aged 3 to 17 years, 91 to 189 cm tall. Standing height was the strongest predictor with no significant effect of sex, age, body mass index or ethnicity. Significant within-patient differences were observed between Resmon Pro and tremoflo C-100 measurements, justifying the derivation of device-specific reference equations.

Conclusion

Valid reproducible oscillometry measurements are highly feasible in children aged 3 years and older. Device-specific reference equations, valid for our multiethnic population, are derived.

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